Technical Content
Basics and Combinations
Kihon Waza, the basic techniques, are the individual kicks and punches that make the foundations on which your karate will be built. Physically they enable the student to gain balance, poise, accuracy, speed and physical focus. Mentally they develop concentration, relaxation and mental focus. Basic techniques are the back bone of good karate and can never be practiced enough.
Renraku Waza, the combinations pull together the basic techniques. At lower grade levels they will help the student develop by introducing them to the flow of Karate. At higher grade levels, they test the student's balance, control and technique.

Uke (Semi-free fighting drills)
Uke Introduces the student to combat and partner-work. They graduate from the basic inner and outer blocks, through to head and kick blocks. There are 12 different Uke in the syllabus.
All ukes start with both partners facing each other in Yoi position. The attacker will step back into a stance (left or right, junzuki or fighting stance, depending on the uke being practiced), and will then attack with the prescribed moves.

The defender is the student being tested. They will carry out the defensive moves as noted for each uke. After the defensive moves they will complete a counter attack; there is always a kiai as marked on the finishing technique.

The uke ends with both partners steping back into fighting stance. When Yamai is called, they then formally end the combat with respect. The technique for this is difficult to describe and is taught in club.

Kata is a sequence of combat moves that introduces the student to fighting multiple opponents. The first kata, Taikyoku Shodan, helps the student learn the basic principles of kata, with combinations broken up into sequences, and helps them understand how to move around the floor effectively. The kata gradually expand and become more technically difficult as the grades progress, each one offering a different learning exercise for the student.

When performing kata the student must treat it as combat in order for it to become effective. They must visualise the incoming attacker and understand the application and analysis (bunkai) of the moves.